Silk is sometimes referred to as the "queen of textiles" due to its delicate touch and feel when worn. Manufacturers mostly utilize four types of silk fabric: muga silk, mulberry silk, tasar silk, and eri silk. Mulberry silkworms account for 90 percent of silk production. There are about 35 distinct types of silk textiles that are often used in clothing and home furnishings.
Silk is produced by a number of distinct silkworms, when they produce two proteins, fibroin and sericin. Each type of silk has unique properties and characteristics that make it ideal for specific types of outfits.
Here is a guide to the most popular and sought-after silk fabrics. Choose the right one depending upon the item you are making and the look you are going for.
Brocade is a term that refers to a group of highly ornate shuttle-woven textiles that are often composed of colorful silks. Draw looms are used to weave brocade. It uses a supplemental weft method, that is, the decorative brocading is created in addition to the regular weft that keeps the warp threads together.
Charmeuse is a satin-woven fabric that is soft and lightweight with an excellent drape. Charmeuse, which is often mistaken with satin, has a glossy sheen on one side and a drab smooth finish on the other. The difference between the two fabrics is that Charmeuse is a more lustrous fabric.
Chiffon is a lovely transparent fabric with a somewhat rough gauze-like feel. Chiffon silk is an extremely lightweight fabric with a bit of elasticity that is made from tiny twisted fibers.
A lightweight fabric composed of fibers that are twisted clockwise and counter-clockwise. Following that, these fibers are woven into a plain-weave cloth. It is also available in two more varieties:
#5 Dupion Silk
Dupion silk is one of the types of silk that has a plain-weave, densely woven double-thread silk fabric with a sharp, textured look. Weft and warp threads of varying sizes are woven together to create a robust, durable fabric that shines. Take note of the odd black speck that may run through the weave; this is a remnant of the silk worm's original cocoon.
Georgette is a sheer, plain-weave fabric with a gritty texture. Unlike Chiffon, Georgette is a thicker fabric that does not crease and has a lovely drape.
#7 Habotai Silk
Habotai is a soft, lightweight plain-weave fabric with a glossy sheen. The weights vary from 5mm to 8mm, and this is the traditional silk for lining, but it may also be used to make scarves, summer blouses, and lingerie.
Organza is a sheer, delicate, and lightweight open-weave type of silk with a shine. Although it is a thin cloth, its finely twisted threads combine to form a robust, durable fabric.
While silk can be washed using a proper silk detergent, it bleeds easily and may stain other things in the wash. Test for color bleeding by dipping an inconspicuous portion of the item in lukewarm water. If dye leaks into the water, washing will cause bleeding. If anything bleeds during the test, take it to the dry cleaners. Wash it alone if it's a solid color.
Step 1- Even though the labeling says dry cleaning only, most silks may be hand cleaned. Fill a big basin or bowl with lukewarm or cold water to immerse the clothing.
Step 2- Add a few drops of mild detergent to the water basin. To preserve the silk's delicate threads, choose a natural or extra mild brand. Then stir the soap into the water with your hand.
Step 3- Place the clothes in the water basin and submerge them once. Then soak the garment for 3 minutes to allow the soap to mix with it.
Step 4- Gently swish the clothing in the water to wash away any dirt or stickiness. This action is similar to a washing machine but considerably gentler.
Step 5- Remove the garment from the water and drain it. Then rinse the silk clothing with cold water to remove any soap.
Step 6- To begin the drying process, spread a clean towel gently on a table or surface. Place the silk item on top of the towel and roll it from end to end. Once the towel is completely wrapped up, unfold it and remove the silk garment.
Step 7- Hang the garment to dry, away from direct sunshine, which may fade or damage the silk fibers.
Silk is a fabric produced by moth caterpillars. Silk is a fragile fabric that needs particular cleaning care. Manufacturers frequently advise owners to dry clean silk clothing. There are many types of silk and each has its own care requirements. Silk may be spot cleaned with natural cleaning detergents and hand wash with soap and water with care.