Polyester is one of the most popular synthetic fabrics often used to make clothes, bags, and home décor items. Polyester is a category of polymer that has thermoplastic characteristics and is synthesized from petroleum.
If you are not aware of the usage and properties of the polyester cloth, you are at the right spot. Here in this post, we will discuss the types of polyester and their usage in the fashion industry.
You must have read about it in your textbooks, but who remembers all that, right?
No worries. We have got you covered.
In simpler words, polyester is a type of plastic (yes, you read it right, we literally wear plastic!) that is made by mixing ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid. In most polyester clothes, it is blended with cotton or any other organic fiber to overcome its inability to absorb moisture and offer a more reformed look. However, you may find 100% polyester-based fabrics, too.
Polyester can be turned into fashionable apparel, but they are most demanded in the manufacturing of fitness wear due to their great flexibility and toughness. It is extruded from the reaction chamber after its chemical synthesis for spinning it into fibers and yarns. Once done, it is dyed into the desired color and stitched to the final piece.
Before we jump onto types of polyesters and their properties, here is a little information about their origin.
Polyester was first synthesized by British chemists John Rex Whinfield and James Tennant Dickson. In 1951, DuPont brought its Dacron brand, and by early 1970s, it earned too much fame for being a miracle fiber that can be worn for more than 68 days without ironing. Interesting, isn’t it?
Well, since history isn’t my strongest suit, let’s stop here and know more about the properties and types of polyester because honestly, that’s the business right now.
Based on its chemical composition, there are two types of polyester; PET and PCDT. Let’s read a bit more about these two.
PET is short for Polyethylene Terephthalate. To synthesize this, ethylene glycol is added to either terephthalic acid or methyl ester with a catalyst that speeds up the reaction.
Surprisingly, your favorite cold drink bottles are made of this PET material. Take away what you want to…!
If it has to be turned into a fabric, it’s mandatory to conduct the reaction in vacuum as it is necessary to increase its molecular weight.
This is another category of polyester and is short for poly-1, 4-cyclohexylene-dimethylene terephthalate. This is less popular than PET and is mostly used for manufacturing heavy curtains, furniture, and cushion covers.
Chemical Properties of Polyester
Physical properties of polyester
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