The layout of a garment factory is associated with a good workflow which includes things such as receiving materials and sending the finished goods out of the garment factories. Therefore the type of apparel plant you develop directly must be optimized according to time and flexibility. There may be slight changes according to the owner of a garment factory. However, there are some common things that you must keep in mind before making a blueprint and proceeding forward.
Now let's talk about a plant layout. An apparel plant layout is the management of space and position of various departments, machinery, and working areas necessary for the functioning of a plant. The layout must be such that the plant will have a good workflow, and there must be integration starting from receiving materials to producing finished goods and sending them to the market. Apart from all these, you must make the layout of the garment factory in a way that it will be flexible enough to change depending on the requirements or the demand of the product, delivery schedule, etc. You must also involve things in the layout such as emergency exits, fire, and safety areas, etc.
Here are some factors which you must keep in mind before planning a layout:
Make the layout of the garment factory in such a way that the steps involved in the production of an item, building structure, and the configuration of machinery are followed properly. Some factors which have an impact on the layout of a factory or plant are:
Try to incorporate everything related to the process according to the production flow in a straight line.
Let's know what the machine layout is. Machine Layout is an arrangement based on the sequence of the operations. Here are some factors that you must keep in mind before setting up the machinery layout -
Before making the layout of machinery, the types of products to be manufactured must be kept in mind. Along with the type of products, man-hours, the different types of apparel, designs, and changes in fashion trends every year are things that you must also consider before setting up the layout.
The manufacturing system must be according to systems such as PBU assembly line, sectional assembly line, etc.
There are two types of changes: overall change and consecutive change. Overall changes occur when the products being manufactured are not associated with each other. Therefore if some changes have to occur, there will be an overall change. In consecutive changes, manufactured products have much more similarities and have negligible variations. Most of the operations required to produce these products are similar. Hence, major changes are not necessary.
In this type of system, the products are packed in bundles which can be in a bundle of 5, 10, or 15. The size of the bundle is also important as it will impact the way it will be handled. Usually, these bundles are packed in boxes.
Per piece, transfer means that the parts of a garment are moved from one operation area to another one by one.
The parts of the garment are clipped in hangers which present overhead and can be moved by rails manually.
The layout should also be made keeping in mind the places that can be used to store semi-finished products.
The equipment includes types such as machines that are used for special purposes, general-purpose, semi-automatic, and automatic work areas.
The equipment for transportation includes
This is how you can create a layout for both your plant and sewing machine layout. These tips will be helpful for those that are new to the fashion industry and are in the process of setting up their first apparel plant.
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