Silk is referred to as the "Queen of Textile Fibers" because of its shine and luster. It is one of the most elegant and valuable fibers given to us through nature, but it has been overshadowed in recent decades by other fibers, especially synthetics.
However, its significance to the textile sector has recently grown, partly owing to the current trend toward natural goods. This has resulted in a rise in demand for natural fibers, particularly silk, which combines the best characteristics of comfort and wearability with an eco-friendly nature. Silk's lustrous look is due to the threads' triangular prism-like structure, which enables silk fabric to reflect incoming light at various angles.
Silk is classified into two types:
There are three types of wild silk:
Muga silk, also known as Moonga Silk, is one of the most sought-after silks in the world. It is manufactured only in Assam. What distinguishes this silk from the others is that it is completely golden yellow in hue. In Assamese, the term 'Muga' means 'yellowish'. It is derived from the Muga Silkworm, which dates all the way back to the dinosaur world and is so delicate in character that it cannot withstand even the tiniest amount of pollution. It is produced from "Antheraea assamensis", a semi-cultivated silkworm. It is organic and natural and the strongest natural fiber known to humankind.
Sericulture is an old Assamese business that has no clear chronological limit attached to it. Although Muga silk manufacturing records have existed from the dawn of time, they initially came to light under the Ahom dynasty.
Muga culture flourished throughout this time period and formed an important component of the people’s social and economic life. Ahom rulers were renowned to wear exclusively Muga silk, which was stored throughout the kingdom and given as one of the most reputable local gifts to their court guests.
Since 2007, Muga silk has been designated as a Geographical Indication (GI), and the Assam Science Technology and Environment Council has recognized the mark for genuine manufacture. India's Central Silk Board is authorized to examine Muga silk goods, verify their authenticity, and authorize merchants to use the GI mark.
The majority of Muga Silk cultivation occurs in Assam's West Garo hills, with a little amount occurring in Assam's west Khasi hills, which are the sole habitats for the silkworms "Som and Soalu" that produce the Muga Silk thread.
Typically, a silk farmer in the Garo hill area requires at least one acre of land on which he can grow about 400 gms of Muga silk at a time. Traditionally, this muga silk has been used to create women's clothing known as "mehelka - sadar".
As a natural fiber and fabric, Muga Silk is becoming buried in all of these contemporary inventions that have nothing to do with the original product.
Thus, it is determined that silk, a glossy, valuable natural fiber, is popular due to its status as the "Queen of Fibers" among all fibers and needs meticulous processing to maintain its feel and look. Wearing Muga silk is nothing less than a symbolization of Royalty. It must be treated properly and with great care to get a substantial amount of export revenue.